Biological diversity - the full composition of wild species of microorganisms, fungi, plants and animals that live in a certain area, including migrants, interconnected functionally and constituting characteristic ecosystems.

The total biodiversity of Uzbekistan is estimated at more than 27,000 species.

The flora (higher plants, fungi, algae) - more than 11 thousand species, including:

more than 2000 types of mushrooms;

4300 species of higher plants, of which about 400 species are endemic, rare and relict.

321 species of higher plants and 3 species of fungi are listed in the Red Book of Uzbekistan.

About 65 species of medicinal, food and technical plant species are procured in the republic annually. The largest amount of billets falls on the following types: licorice, two types of ferrules, prickly capers, and wild rose.

The fauna includes more than 15,000 species, including 11,000 species of arthropods and 4,000 species of mollusks, worms, and bacteria.

The share of vertebrate animals accounts for 688 species, including:

fish - 76 species;

amphibians - 3 species;

reptiles - 63 species;

birds - 441 species;

mammals - 105 species.

The Red Book of Uzbekistan includes 184 species and subspecies of animals: mammals - 24; birds - 48; reptiles - 16;

fish - 18; ringed worms - 3; mollusks - 14; arthropods - 61.

Of these, 26 species of vertebrates are included in the International Red Book (IUCN).

More than 50 species of objects of the animal world are used for sporting and hunting purposes as well as for commercial purposes.